Workspace:Links to Useful Research
From Pirate Party UK Wiki
Feel free to paste quotes and URLs to materials that might be useful for policy formulation, campaigning, sharing with journalists etc. bear in mind that URLs on their own aren't particularly uaseful since the content may become removed from them. The idea is then at least we have the material in one place and can sort through it and organize it as we go along.
See also other resources.
To be sorted
http://techdirt.com/articles/20090629/0230145396.shtml The Myth Of Original Creators - creativity is built on the ideas of others
http://www.newsweek.com/id/108715 - the author Paul Coelho is encouraging his readers to pirate his books.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/2009/jul/08/business-pharmaceticals-europeancommission - european commission saying patents and 'big pharma' delaying cheaper drugs.
http://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/researcharchive/3188/Perceptions-are-not-reality.aspx - People's perceptions do not correlate with reality in most areas (e.g. immigration, benefit fraud, JSA, crime, etc.)
Academic Research on the Economics of Copyright
Rufus Pollock, Cambridge University
- On the optimal length of copyright (2007): press article full paper
- On the value of the public domain (2006): press article site offering free download of the full paper
The end of scarcity
Book-burning, legal style
James Boyle, article on FT.com December 2008
Most of the material available online comes from so long ago that the copyright could not possibly still be in force. But since copyright lasts for 70 years after the death of the author, (or 95 years if it was a corporate “work for hire,”) that could be a very, very long time indeed. Long enough, in fact, to keep off limits almost the whole history of moving pictures. Long enough to lock up almost all of 20th century culture.
The march of retrospective extension goes on, each extension as destructive of access to a swathe of our cultural heritage as if we had just come out and burned it. This isn’t a cultural policy. It’s an anti-cultural policy and it is one we need to abandon.
What colour are your bits?
Very philosophical take, interesting however: Source
Our culture locked away
The reel treats you’re not allowed to see: Reformers are calling for changes in arcane copyright rules that are preventing the public from dipping into a treasure trove of vintage films Times Online July 16 2009
Seven million use illegal files
SABIP report claiming that 4.73bn items are downloaded each year worth a total of £120bn. It was later discovered that the figures were wrong by a factor of 10, instead being 473m items and £12bn.
I asked what steps they took to notify journalists of their error, which exaggerated their findings by a factor of 10 and were reported around the world. Sabip refused to answer questions in emails, insisted on a phone call, told me that they had taken steps but wouldn't say what and explained something about how they couldn't be held responsible for lazy journalism
Where is the money going?
Article on a Guardian blog arguing against this report that piracy isn't costing the economy money, instead pirates are spending their money in other places.
But it left me wondering. Why does the music industry persist in saying that every download is a lost sale? If you even think about it, it can't be true. People - even downloaders - only have a finite amount of money. In times gone by, sure, they would have been buying vinyl albums. But if you stopped them downloading, would they troop out to the shops and buy those songs? I don't think so. I suspect they're doing something different. I think they're spending the money on something else.
Harvard Business Publishing blog: Michael Jackson and the Zombieconomy
If the world's biggest pop star only made $25 million a year in total, something's very, very wrong. Where's the rest of the money? Why can't a resource as scarce as the King of Pop capture more value?
A neutral broadband network is one that is free of restrictions on content, sites, or platforms, on the kinds of equipment that may be attached, and on the modes of communication allowed, as well as one where communication is not unreasonably degraded by other communication streams. ~ Wikipedia
BT accused of iPlayer throttling
BBC article accusing BT of traffic shaping
"This would suggest that traffic identified as BBC iPlayer traffic is being throttled back, thereby limiting the bandwidth used up by the service on slower connections."
BT want BBC to pay iPlayer bandwidth contributions
BT asking for BBC to pay up for the bandwidth they are using, essentially throwing net neutrality out the window
BT is calling for the BBC to pay up if they want their iPlayer content to be available over their network. BT say the cost in terms of bandwidth is huge for delivering content for the iPlayer
Call for limits on web snooping
Sir Tim Berners-Lee is calling for governments to limit the amount of snooping they do online
The internet, said Sir Tim, should be like a blank piece of paper. Just as governments and companies cannot police what people write or draw on that sheet of paper so they should not be restricted from putting the web to their own uses.
Industries and Governments solutions on how to solve piracy
- Internet pirates will first receive a written warning from Ofcom, the communication regulator.
- Then if the piracy continues, Ofcom and the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) will work together to collect a database of the identities and activities of repeat offenders.
- This information will be handed over to rights holders, such as a music artist, who can then issue a court order.
- Punishments, such as blocking the sites from which material has been illegally downloaded, capping internet speeds and filtering content, will only be enforced if a year after the written warnings have been issued, piracy among the noted offenders, has not declined by 70%.
UK Music's 5 Step Plan
- Warning notice: The ISP will send a letter to the account holder illegally file sharing copyright material
- Interactive notification and web redirection: The ISP will redirect the account’s web browser to a website which will require the account holder to identify themselves and their responsibility for the account. The ISP will also inform the account holder that their internet service speed will be restricted for one week.
- Should an ISP receive evidence of illegal file sharing on an account for a third occasion, it will send a notification to the account holder that their internet service will be immediately suspended for 72 hours.
- Evidence of illegal file sharing on an account on a fourth occasion, the ISP will send a notification to the account holder that their internet service will be immediately suspended for one month.
- With evidence of illegal file sharing for a fifth occasion, the ISP will suspend the account for a period of two months and that a further two month suspension will be implemented if a further infringement occurs.
Source ~ Cannot find it directly on the UK Music website
RIAA Sues US Mum
32 year old US Mum Jammie Thomas-Rasset has been fined $80,000 per song
A woman has been ordered to pay $1.9 million (£1.2m) in the only file-sharing case to go to trial in the US.
Article on PCworld.com saying some experts are questioning the constitutionality of the fine
The size of the fine was guided by U.S. copyright law, which provides for a penalty of anywhere from $750 to $150,000 per violation. It was up to the jury, however, to decide where to land within that spectrum. The problem, von Lohmann says, is that there are no meaningful guidelines on how that decision should be reached.
Anti-piracy music deal for Virgin
Universal is to offer unlimited music to Virgin customers for a monthly fee, in exchange Virgin is to step up it's efforts to deal with piracy with a graduated response
Virgin said it had vowed to try a range of anti-piracy measures as part of the deal. The last resort would be a temporary suspension of a customer's internet connection if that person consistently ignored warnings about their activity.
In response a BBC Dot Life blog post worried about the ways Virgin will go about solving the piracy issues.
What isn't clear is just how they will identify candidates for suspension without network monitoring or interception of customer traffic. How will they know what customers are up to, or whether the files they are sharing are copyrighted, if they don't have a close look at their traffic?
Software designer sued for enabling internet piracy
Pablo Soto designer of P2P software Blubster is being sued in Spain for "enabling internet piracy"
In Madrid's superior civil court Promusicae has branded Mr Soto an internet parasite who robs artists and record companies by facilitating illegal downloads of music and other copyrighted protected material with the Manolito/MP2P program, and the Blubster and Piolet file-sharing applications.
Piracy delays movie releases
Movie studios are stopping legitimate customers viewing their films for fear of them being pirated
For certain countries, studios will delay theatrical release because of a history of cams originating there. They’ll then release the DVD as soon as possible thereafter.
French Senate Adopts Revamped “3 Strikes” Anti-Piracy Bill
The new structure is as follows. When an individual is warned about an infringement for a third time, the Hadopi agency will report the offender to a judge. After a hearing the judge will have the power to cut the individual off from the Internet, issue a fine of up to 300,000 euros, or even hand out a 2 year jail sentence. ISP account holders who find themselves accused over the infringements of a 3rd party could be found guilty of “negligence”, risking a maximum 1,500 euro fine and a 4 week disconnection.
Piracy is good?
Presentation to Australian TV producers and executives about the future of television distribution in the era of Bittorrent and YouTube.
Argues that advertisers and producers can take advantage of Youtube as a distribution channel and make a lot more money from it.
Standing up against Trade Groups
IP Address Insufficient To Identify Pirate
Court in Rome proves that evidence collected by Logistep isn't enough to convict a Pirate.
Anti-piracy groups and lawyers across Europe are unmovable - they say that since they logged a copyright infringement from a particular IP address, the bill payer is responsible. Now a court in Rome has decided that on the contrary, an IP address does not identify an infringer, only a particular connection.
Artists in TPB Case Strike Back
Advance Patrol have released their latest album on The Pirate Bay after being used as a plaintiff against their will in The Pirate Bay court case.
Hiphop group Advance Patrol was used by the music industry in the Pirate Bay trial, portrayed as artists suffering losses from illegal downloading. However, the group itself was never consulted, and they are now striking back at the music industry by releasing their new album for free - on The Pirate Bay, of course.
Bands 'better because of piracy'
Article about the US band Fleet Foxes claiming that Piracy has helped their band by giving them inspiration from the hundreds of albums they have pirated.
The rise of illegal downloading has been good for the music scene, helping to create a generation of exciting new acts, according to US band Fleet Foxes.
Stop Sobbing About Free Music Downloads
A Message to the Music Industry from the Lead Singer of the Kingsmen
The suggestions that recordings are produced today just to sell recorded music is all backwards and the sooner the record companies and producers and artists figure this out the sooner they will all quit sniveling over the fact that the entire world is freely sharing their music digitally and isn't willing to stop; and in fact will do anything to circumvent their efforts to get paid for the recordings alone.
It's not a crime to download, say musicians
The Independent, Thursday, 12 March 2009
Musicians including Robbie Williams, Annie Lennox, Billy Bragg, Blur's David Rowntree and Radiohead's Ed O'Brien said last night that the public should not be prosecuted for downloading illegal music from the internet.
Researchers conclude piracy not stifling content creation
Researchers determine that although piracy maybe harming the music industry it is not harming creative output
"Over the past 200 years, most countries evolved their copyright regimes in one direction only: lawmakers repeatedly strengthened the legal protections of authors and publishers, raising prices for the general public and discouraging consumption."
The success of Free
Torrentboy author talks about the success of releasing his content for free
592 people have donated money after reading Zombie World. The most common donation is $9, with a grand total of $9,636.32 (after PayPal fees). Around $2,000 of that was in the first 30 days. 0.2368% of my readers donate, but they tend to donate more than I would have made in royalties from a regularly-published book ($1.79 per copy).
Treat your audience with respect, and they’ll do the same to you. Treat them like criminals, and they’ll take great pride in watching you squirm.
Artists asks Fans not to buy his music
The singer complains that he had no input behind a new boxset release and will not receive any royalties from it.
Morrissey has requested that fans don't buy any of the forthcoming box set reissues from his back catalogue.
The former Smiths singer claimed in a statement issued to fan site True-to-you.net, which he often communicates through, that he wouldn't receive any money from the reissues, released on November 2, and that he was not asked for approval for their release.
Vuze users pay more for legal content
Users of the vuze bittorrent client are more likely to spend money on legal media that regular internet users.
Do Illegal Copies of Movies Reduce the Revenue of Legal Products?
The case of TV animation in Japan
This paper examines the effects of the movie sharing site Youtube and file sharing program Winny on DVD sales and rentals of Japanese TV animation programs. Estimated equations of 105 anime episodes show that (1) Youtube viewing does not negatively affect DVD rentals, and it appears to help raise DVD sales; and (2) although Winny file sharing negatively affects DVD rentals, it does not affect DVD sales. Youtube’s effect of boosting DVD sales can be seen after the TV’s broadcasting of the series has concluded, which suggests that not just a few people learned about the program via a Youtube viewing. In other words YouTube can be interpreted as a promotion tool for DVD sales.
Digital restrictions (DRM)
Kindle Copy Controls Stink
Ian Paul, PC World June 2009
These restrictions stink and lesson the appeal of the Kindle and the ultra-portability of digital books.
Fit the Kindle into society, not society into the Kindle
And from Dan Cohen, the following original article and subsequent update:
Amazon Erases Orwell Books From Kindle
In George Orwell’s “1984,” government censors erase all traces of news articles embarrassing to Big Brother by sending them down an incineration chute called the “memory hole.” On Friday, it was “1984” and another Orwell book, “Animal Farm,” that were dropped down the memory hole — by Amazon.com.
In a move that angered customers and generated waves of online pique, Amazon remotely deleted some digital editions of the books from the Kindle devices of readers who had bought them.
DRM does make pirates out of us all
Article summarising a study by Cambridge law professor Patrícia Akester.
As an example, take the case of Lynn Holdsworth, who bought an electronic copy of the Bible from Amazon. It refused to allow text-to-speech, which Holdsworth required. She contacted Amazon, which has a policy of not refunding e-books after a successful download. "On Amazon’s advice, Lynn Holdsworth contacted the publisher, but the publisher referred her back to Amazon," writes Akester. "Neither Amazon nor the publisher were able to assist her and she ended up obtaining an illegal copy of the work (which her screen reader application could access)."
Down with DRM Video
Quick and simple video demonstrating the biggest problem with DRM, entitled "Interchangeability" it was one of the winners of the 2006 FreeCulture video contest. The video is Creative Commons licensed so you can copy and share it as much as you like as long as you give credit to the author.
Canadian public TV to try out BitTorrent
CBC a broadcaster funded by public money is to distribute DRM free content via BitTorrent.
On March 24, CBC will use BitTorrent to distribute this year's broadcast of Canada's Next Great Prime Minister. This will make Canada the first country in North America to release high-quality, DRM-free copies of a prime-time show using the popular P2P file-sharing technology.
Privacy, CCTV ect.
Crowdsourced CCTV – one way to fight back
Article commenting on this Channel 4 report that pieces together video footage from different sources, essentially crowd sourcing the CCTV.
We can’t watch ACPO the way the state watches us, yet. But we’re making a start by effectively crowd-sourcing our own CCTV – and it’s been explosive. Channel 4 provides a demonstration
1,000 cameras 'solve one crime'
Only one crime was solved by each 1,000 CCTV cameras in London last year, a report into the city's surveillance network has claimed.
Quotes from celebrities either in favour of Piracy or sympathising with Pirates
"You're not either a pirate or a good citizen"
[Fry] described what he called the aggressive prosecution around the world of those who illegally download. It did no good, said Fry, to label these people as criminals.
"The TV industry should catch up with the technology and possibly not keep prosecuting people who watch stuff, because everybody does it"
"Everybody downloads file illegally and then everybody pretends that they don’t"
"I have done it, I’ll admit it now" ~ Referring to downloading pirated material
"I’m so sorry that any music fan anywhere is ever made to feel bad for making the effort to listen to music,"
"This is how the record companies want to protect themselves? Suing suburban moms for listening to music? Charging $80,000 per song?"
"The RIAA needs to be disbanded,"
"We refuse to be used in a war against our fans"
"I've downloaded hundreds and hundreds of records - why would I care if somebody downloads ours? That's such a petty thing to care about"
"I've discovered so much music through that medium. That will be true of any artist my age, absolutely"
"I mean, how much money does one person need? I think it's disgusting when people complain about that, personally."
"I think we're seeing that now with tons of new bands that are amazing, and are doing way better music now than was being made pre-Napster."
"As much music as musicians can hear, that will only make music richer as an artform"
Richard Stallman on Copyright and the Pirate Party
How would the Swedish Pirate Party's platform affect copylefted free software? After five years, its source code would go into the public domain, and proprietary software developers would be able to include it in their programs. But what about the reverse case? Proprietary software is restricted by EULAs, not just by copyright, and the users don't have the source code. Even if copyright permits noncommercial sharing, the EULA may forbid it. In addition, the users, not having the source code, do not control what the program does when they run it. To run such a program is to surrender your freedom and give the developer control over you.
Copyfraud: Poisoning the public domain
The public domain is the greatest resource in human history: eventually all knowledge will become part of it. Its riches serve all mankind, but it faces a new threat. Vast libraries of public domain works are being plundered by claims of "copyright". It's called copyfraud - and we'll discover how large corporations like Google, Yahoo, and Amazon have structured their businesses to assist it and profit from it.
Legislation and Infomation
The Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003 which implements Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society, including a section on "circumvention of technical measures" i.e. DRM.